What are Buy Now, Pay Later Services?
‘Buy Now, Pay Later’ services are the new financial plans that are quickly taking the place of credit cards for many consumers. These services allow you to
make purchases and receive the product instantly without paying the full price upfront, instead paying in interest-free scheduled instalments over a certain
amount of time. They are easier and quicker to sign up for in comparison to credit cards, and in most cases you are not required to provide proof of income or
undergo a credit check to be approved.
At the moment, AfterPay and Zip are leading the way as most popular ‘Buy Now, Pay Later’ services in Australia. There are many other companies offering similar services, all with slight variances in joining requirements, the flexibility of payment schedules and additional fees.
Payment Schedules and Instalments
One of the first companies offering this service, AfterPay allows you to break your payment into four fortnightly instalments, with the first instalment paid at the time of purchase. There is no flexibility in changing how much each payment is, or how often you make them.
It does not require a credit check to sign up, only a verification of identity. There is no hard limit on spending, and your allowable spending limit increases gradually over time. The AfterPay service is available online by selecting it as you checkout, as well as in-store simply by scanning the barcode on the AfterPay app at the counter of merchants who use the service.
Zip offers two different levels of payment programs to suit your level of purchase: Zip Pay and Zip Money. The main difference between them is Zip Pay allows you to make purchases of up to $1,000, whereas Zip Money is for purchases between $1,000 to $5,000. Zip is free to join, but does conduct credit checks on some customers.
One advantage Zip has over AfterPay is the flexibility it offers with payment plans: you have the option to set up weekly, fortnightly or monthly repayment schedules that suit you. The only requirement is a minimum payment of $10 per week or $40 a month. Zip Pay is free to join and only requires a phone number and linked Facebook, Paypal or LinkedIn account.
Zip Money offers larger account credit for purchases $1,000 and above. This option incurs an establishment fee of between $0 and $299 depending on your credit limit. It also asks for your address, employment status, income statement, and transaction history in order to be approved. Payments in this plan are interest free for the first three months of each purchase, and then have an interest of 19.9% p,a. Minimum repayment ranges from $40 to $299 each month, or a percentage of your balance owing, whichever is greater. The monthly limit will depend on your credit limit and will vary according to your contract.
Additional Fees and Missed Payments
All ‘Buy Now, Pay Later Services’ charge a late fee if you miss a payment, it’s how they make a profit without charging interest. Each company has different fees and conditions, so make sure you read into it before choosing a service.
AfterPay is free to use as long as you don’t miss any payments. It has zero interest, and no joining fees. You are charged a $10 late fee if you miss an automatic payment, followed by a $7 fee if you fail to repay that missed instalment within 7 days of the due date. This late fee increases if you continue to miss payments, but is capped at 25 percent of the purchase price or $68, whichever is less. If you miss a payment, your account is suspended and you cannot use AfterPay on any new purchases until your payments are up to date.
AfterPay also have a Hardship Policy to help you out if something unexpected happens to you or your circumstances change. Assessed on a case-by-case basis, it gives you the possibility to come up with a new payment plan, extend the term of your payment arrangement so you can make smaller payments over a longer period, or avoid extra fees. It offers support to people in a range of circumstances such as natural disasters, redundancy, recent unemployment, sudden illness, relationship breakdown and other personal reasons.
Zip charges a $6 monthly account fee if you have a balance, but this fee is waived if the closing balance is paid by the due date. If you use Zip Pay or Zip Money to pay bills you’ll be charged a 1.5% payment processing fee. If the minimum repayment amount is not paid within 21 days after the due date, a late fee will be charged - $5 for Zip Pay, and $15 for Zip Money. Zip also charges ‘dishonour’ fees, charged if a scheduled payment was rejected by the bank due to insufficient funds or incorrect bank account details.
and are more recent additions to the interest-free payment market, offering similar programs to AfterPay and Zip. Latitude Pay gives you interest free payments of up to $1,000. The automatic plan is set to 10-week instalments, so you only pay 10% up front and the remaining in 9 weekly instalments. You also have the option to pay your balance off at an earlier date. They do conduct credit checks during your application, and charge late fees of $10 for purchases less than $50, and $50 for purchases up to $1,000.
Openpay has more fees compared to other 'Buy Now, Pay Later’ services. There is an establishment fee to set up your account, a plan management fee and redraw fee that applies to some plans. The missed payment fee is $9.50, and if you fail to pay that missed instalment 8 days after your due date, it's an additional $19.50. If you make a return or get a refund, you don’t get the plan management fee refunded, so better off going for something that doesn’t charge instalment fees at all.
So should I use a Buy Now, Pay Later Service?
These ‘Buy Now, Pay Later’ services can be an easy way to spread out the burden of making payments, and if you are on top of your spending, you won’t get hit with any extra fees. So if you are already good at managing your finances, and plan on using it for things you would be purchasing regardless, it can be a relatively safe option and and a good interest-free alternative to credit cards.
These services are most popular with people in their mid-20s to mid-30s, with this cohort making up over 40% of people who research Buy Now Pay Later services on ProductReview.com.au. From all age groups, women show slightly more interest in the service than men, accounting for 55% of visitors to relevant pages.
However, there are some risks that come with using these services, especially if you don’t manage your payments or something unexpected stops you from earning an income. They can be very appealing to someone working on a casual or part-time basis, as the repayments can match up with a weekly or fortnightly salary cycle, but someone in this position may also be at risk or running up late fees due to unreliable income if they lose a shift one week or have their hours permanently reduced.
People are more likely to buy more than they usually would and overspend when using ‘Buy Now, Pay Later’ services because they are able to break up the payment, and it can have a negative impact on your financial future. On top of fees you receive for late or rejected payments, excessive purchases and missed payments can affect your credit score, and consequently your ability to secure a loan. So if you already have trouble managing finances and payments, these services may not be appropriate for you.